© National Portrait Gallery, London
Five Children of King Charles I
by Richard Cooper, after Sir Anthony Van Dyck Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1762 (1637)
18 1/8 in. x 20 in. (460 mm x 507 mm) plate size; 19 3/8 in. x 22 1/8 in. (493 mm x 562 mm) paper size
- Princess Anne (1636-1640), Third daughter of Charles I. Sitter in 7 portraits.
- King Charles II (1630-1685), Reigned 1660-85. Sitter associated with 294 portraits.
- Princess Elizabeth (1635-1650), Daughter of Charles I. Sitter associated with 15 portraits.
- King James II (1633-1701), Reigned 1685-88. Sitter associated with 132 portraits.
- Mary, Princess of Orange (1631-1660), Daughter of Charles I; wife of William II of Orange-Nassau. Sitter associated with 49 portraits.
- Richard Cooper (1740-1814), Painter and printmaker. Artist associated with 8 portraits.
- Sir Anthony Van Dyck (1599-1641), Painter. Artist associated with 1017 portraits, Sitter associated with 31 portraits.
- NPG 267: Five Children of King Charles I (based on same portrait)
Birth of George, Prince of Wales (later George IV) on 12 August. Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle resigns as Prime Minister over foreign policy and is succeeded by the Tory John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute. Many of Newcastle's followers are dismissed over the following months in what becomes popularly known as the 'Massacre of the Pelhamite Innocents'.'Cock Lane ghost' appears in Smithfield, London.
Art and science
James MacPherson publishes Fingal, an Ancient Epic Poem
, said to be the work of the third century Scottish bard Ossian, initiating the greatest literary hoax of the century.Sign-Painters Exhibition is organised in London by Bonnell Thornton to ridicule recently established public art exhibitions. Artist William Hogarth publishes The Times Plate 1
; an anti-war satire.
Philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau publishes his major works The Social Contract and Emile; influential treatises on society and education. Peter III of Russia is reputedly assassinated as a result of a conspiracy led by his wife Catherine, who succeeds him to the throne as Catherine II (later the Great). Seven Years' War: The British commander John Manners Marquess of Granby distinguishes himself at the Battle of Manila.