© National Portrait Gallery, London
Prince James Francis Edward Stuart; Princess Louisa Maria Theresa Stuart
by and published by John Smith, after Nicolas de Largillière Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, 1699 (1695)
15 1/2 in. x 11 3/4 in. (395 mm x 300 mm) plate size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Nicolas de Largillière (1656-1746). Artist associated with 42 portraits, Sitter associated with 3 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
Archbishop Thomas Tenison in his circular letter to the bishops, emphasises their duty to instruct and guide parishioners away from sinful practises and encourage a moral reformation. Resignation of leading Whigs, opposed to a peacetime standing army, results in the disintegration and removal of the Whig Junto administration.
Art and science
Nicholas Hawksmoor meets playwright, Sir Jonathan Vanbrugh, the latter having just taken up architecture. The two architects would go on to collaborate on designs for Blenheim Palace and Castle Howard.
A second expedition from Scotland arrives at its newly established colony, Darien, south of Panama. Financed by the Company of Scotland, backed by John Hay, Scotland's Lord Chancellor, the disastrous Darien venture was Scotland's attempt in mercantilism to alleviate the country from a period rife with famine.