© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl of Godolphin
by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, circa 1740 (circa 1704-1710)
7 in. x 6 1/8 in. (177 mm x 156 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Jacobus Houbraken (1698-1780), Engraver. Artist associated with 433 portraits.
- John & Paul Knapton (active 1735-1789), Booksellers and publishers. Artist associated with 290 portraits.
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1678 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
- NPG D34582: Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl of Godolphin (from same plate)
- NPG 5719: Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl of Godolphin (after)
- NPG D42879: Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl of Godolphin (from same plate)
- NPG D20415: Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl of Godolphin (from same plate)
The song Rule, Britannia! by Thomas Arne is performed for the first time at Cliveden, the country home of Frederick, Prince of Wales.A now discredited account by antiquarian William Stukely asserts that Stonehenge was built by druids.
Art and science
Samuel Richardson publishes the first two volumes of Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded
, the best-selling novel of the period.Artists Joshua Reynolds and Thomas Gainsborough both arrive in London. Reynolds is apprenticed to the leading portrait-painter Thomas Hudson, while Gainsborough begins his artistic training with the French engraver and illustrator Hubert-Francois Gravelot.
Death of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI and the succession of his eldest daughter Maria Térèsa heralds the start of the War of the Austrian Succession. Britain, already fighting Spain (in the War of Jenkin's Ear), is drawn into the wider conflict as an ally of Austria until 1748.Frederick II becomes King of Prussia.Pope Benedict XIV succeeds Pope Clement XII as the 247th pope.