© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Peter Pelham, published by John Bowles Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, early to mid 18th century
13 7/8 in. x 9 3/4 in. (351 mm x 248 mm) plate size; 15 1/4 in. x 11 in. (387 mm x 279 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Jonathan Swift (1667-1745), Satirist and divine. Sitter in 26 portraits.
- John Bowles (1701?-1779), Printseller and publisher. Artist associated with 115 portraits.
- Peter Pelham (1695?-1751), Mezzotint engraver and painter in America. Artist associated with 33 portraits.
The sudden death of Prince William, son of Princess Anne and George, Prince of Denmark, triggers a succession crisis. His birth had secured the succession of the crown to a Protestant, safeguarding the throne from any future claim by James II's Catholic son, James Francis.
Art and science
Dramatist, William Congreve's comedy The Way of the World
premieres at Lincoln's Inn Theatre, receiving a mixed reception. It would achieve greater literary acclaim in modern times. Poet, John Dryden, dies and is buried in Geoffrey Chaucer's grave in Westminster Abbey.
Diplomat and poet, Matthew Prior, secretly negotiates with Louis XIV, king of France, a second partition treaty concerning the Spanish Empire. However, following the death of Spanish ruler, Carlos II, the agreement collapses since neither Spanish or Austrian governments accept the treaty's proposals.