© National Portrait Gallery, London
William Cowper (Cooper)
by John Smith, after John Closterman Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint and etching, 1698
15 3/4 in. x 11 in. (400 mm x 280 mm) plate size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- John Closterman (1660-1711). Artist associated with 59 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- NPG D11579: William Cowper (Cooper) (from same plate)
- NPG D34197: William Cowper (Cooper) (from same plate)
- NPG D19513: William Cowper (Cooper) (from same plate)
- NPG D31560: William Cowper (Cooper) (from same plate)
The king's residence, Whitehall Palace, is destroyed by fire. The Banqueting House survives. Issues surrounding the prerogative of the king and size of a standing army during peacetime serve as the principal subjects for debate during the general election. The Whig Junto majority is reduced by resurgent Tory opposition.
Art and science
Anti-theatrical polemicist, Jeremy Collier writes, A Short View
, attacking the immorality of the theatre. John Bunyan's The Heavenly Foot-Man
, a sermon on Christian life, is published posthumously.
Instructed by William III, Arnold Joost van Keppel, earl of Albemarle, negotiates with Louis XIV over issues surrounding the Spanish succession. Proposals in the first partition treaty are agreed by both sides. Peter I of Russia visits England eager to strengthen diplomatic ties with other European countries.