© National Portrait Gallery, London
Prince Adolphus Frederick, Duke of Cambridge
by and published by William Skelton, after Sir William Beechey Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, published 1808
19 in. x 14 3/8 in. (484 mm x 364 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Sir William Beechey (1753-1839), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 250 portraits, Sitter in 7 portraits.
- William Skelton (1763-1848), Engraver. Artist associated with 59 portraits.
- NPG D33283: Prince Adolphus Frederick, Duke of Cambridge (from same plate)
- NPG D33284: Prince Adolphus Frederick, Duke of Cambridge (from same plate)
The 'Mary Anne Clarke affair' erupts in which Clarke, mistress of Frederick, Duke of York, was said to have used her influence with him to run a military promotions racket. Championed by radical government opponents, it ends in the Duke's resignation as Commander-in-Chief of the army.
Art and science
Sculptor John Flaxman begins Nelson memorial for St Paul's.Richard Trevithick demonstrates model railway travelling at 12 mph.
After taking Portugal, Napoleon invades Spain, deposes the Spanish Bourbon monarchy and appoints his brother Joseph as the new King. ThePeninsular War then begins under Sir John Moore and Arthur Wellesley, later Duke of Wellington, aiming to protect Portugal and exploit Iberian hatred of French tyranny.