© National Portrait Gallery, London
Emmeline Pankhurst addressing a crowd in Trafalgar Square
by Central Press Click on the links below to find out more
bromide press print, 1908
7 in. x 8 7/8 in. (177 mm x 226 mm) image size
Given by Terence Pepper, 2008
This photograph was taken at a suffrage rally in Trafalgar Square in 1908. Following Pankhurst's speech, in which she urged the audience to 'rush' the House of Commons, she was arrested and sentenced to three months in Holloway prison.
Henry Asquith replaces Henry Campbell-Bannerman as Liberal leader and Prime Minister, with David Lloyd George taking control of the Exchequer. Asquith and Lloyd George embark on a bold programme of social reform, laying the foundations of the Welfare State, introducing government pensions this year and later a system of National Insurance.The first aeroplane for the British army is built by the American, Samuel Cody.
Art and science
E.M. Forster's novel A Room with a View
is published, following the experiences of a young woman, Lucy Honeydrew, in the repressed culture of Edwardian England. The French art critic Louis Vauxcelles first uses the term 'cubism' to refer to a landscape painting by Georges Braque.
King Carlos of Portugal and his heir, Prince Luis Filipe, are killed by assassins from the Republican trying to provoke a revolution. Carlos I, unpopular because of his extravagant lifestyle and extramarital affairs, was succeeded by his younger son, Manuel, the last monarch of the Braganza dynasty. Following the death of the Guangxu Emperor in China, his two year old nephew replaces him, becoming the the last Manchu emperor of China.