© National Portrait Gallery, London
King George IV; Frederick, Duke of York and Albany
by James Watson, after Katharine Read Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, circa 1765-1770
19 7/8 in. x 15 1/8 in. (505 mm x 383 mm) plate size; 24 1/4 in. x 18 7/8 in. (615 mm x 479 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1953
- Katharine Read (1723-1778), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 41 portraits.
- James Watson (circa 1740-1790), Engraver. Artist associated with 193 portraits.
George Grenville is dismissed as Prime Minister. He is succeeded by Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham.Isle of Man is brought under British control. Stamp Act requires that printed materials in the colonies, such as legal documents and newspapers, are produced on paper made in London carrying an embossed revenue stamp.
Art and science
Nevil Maskelyne becomes Astronomer Royal.Writer Samuel Johnson publishes his edition of Shakespeare. Inventor James Watt makes a breakthrough in the development of the steam engine by constructing a model with a separate condenser.Judge and politician William Blackstone publishes his influential work Commentaries on the Laws of England
Robert Clive secures the rights for the East India Company to collect taxes in Bengal from Mughal Emperor Shah Alam.American campaigners against the Stamp Act organise themselves as the Sons of Liberty in Massachusetts and New York.