© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir Robert Clayton
by John Smith, after John Riley Click on the links below to find out more
16 1/8 in. x 11 1/4 in. (408 mm x 287 mm) plate size; 19 1/8 in. x 13 1/4 in. (487 mm x 335 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- John Riley (1646-1691), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 101 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
The Acts of Union unites the Kingdoms of England and Scotland into one sovereign state, Great Britain, and merges the parliaments of both states. Presiding over the negotiations for the union was the Lord Chancellor, William Cowper and Lord Seafield, Scottish Lord Chancellor.
Art and science
Antiquary, Humphrey Wanley, helps 're-found' the Society of Antiquaries which first meets at the Bear Tavern in the Strand. Originally established in 1586, it ceased to meet soon after the accession of James I.
Following failure to capture Toulon, Admiral Cloudesley Shovell's flagship 'Association' is shipwrecked in the Isles of Scilly, drowning her entire crew. Hispano-French army, led by James FitzJames, Duke of Berwick overwhelmingly defeat British forces under Henri de Massue de Ruvigny at Almanza, a defining battle in war against France.