© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sarah Plowden (née Chicheley)
by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
13 3/8 in. x 10 in. (340 mm x 254 mm) plate size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1678 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- NPG D11601: Sarah Plowden (née Chicheley) (from same plate)
- NPG D1407: Sarah Plowden (née Chicheley) (from same plate)
- NPG D1408: Sarah Plowden (née Chicheley) (from same plate)
Exiled James II dies in France. Various parts of his body are interred in a number of churches around the country; his corpse is buried in the English church in the Faubourg St. Jacques. The Act of Settlement is passed, securing the throne to the Protestant Hanoverians.
Art and science
Supported by the Bishop of London, Henry Compton, The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, founded by Thomas Bray, obtains a royal charter. Publication of The Christian Hero
, the first major work by essayist Richard Steele.
War of the Spanish Succession ensues. William III restores the grand alliance against France determined to prevent Louis XIV from installing his grandson, Philip of Anjou, upon the Spanish throne. The grand alliance, resolute upon a Habsburg succession in Spain, wished to prevent the country's unification with France.