© National Portrait Gallery, London
by George Cruikshank Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, published 1819
10 1/4 in. x 6 1/4 in. (260 mm x 160 mm) plate size; 11 7/8 in. x 9 1/8 in. (301 mm x 231 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- John Hall (1672-1716), Jacobite; Executed for Treason. Sitter in 4 portraits.
- George Cruikshank (1792-1878), Caricaturist and illustrator. Artist associated with 26 portraits, Sitter in 32 portraits.
Peterloo Massacre leaves eleven dead and four hundred wounded as crowds, gathered to hear radical Henry Hunt call for reform of the House of Commons, are forcibly dispersed. Six Acts are passed, stiffening the 1795 Treason Act and introducing a tax on the periodical press which was viewed as seditious.
Art and science
Percy Bysshe Shelley writes Ode to the West Wind
during a year of extraordinary creativity in which he also finishes Prometheus Unbound
.Lord Byron publishes his tour-de-force Don Juan
; one man's mock-epic odyssey through a world without fixed principles. First ship with a steam engine crosses the Atlantic in twenty-eight days.
Thomas Jefferson establishes the University of Virginia.Royal Navy anti-slave squadron is set up to patrol the West African coastline.French physician Rene Laennac invents the stethoscope.