© National Portrait Gallery, London
Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick
by John Murphy, published by John Jeffryes, after Thomas Stothard Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published 21 May 1795
21 7/8 in. x 14 1/2 in. (555 mm x 368 mm) plate size; 24 5/8 in. x 18 1/2 in. (625 mm x 470 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- John Jeffryes (active 1793-1804), Printseller. Artist associated with 16 portraits.
- John Murphy (active 1778-1817), Printmaker. Artist associated with 15 portraits.
- Thomas Stothard (1755-1834), Painter and illustrator. Artist associated with 33 portraits, Sitter in 14 portraits.
George, Prince of Wales is forced to marry Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick, despite having secretly married Maria Fitzherbert in 1785.Widespread rioting prompts the introduction of the Speenhamland system of welfare supplements which are linked to the price of bread.Treasonable Practices Act is passed against open criticism of government.
Art and science
The MP Matthew Gregory 'Monk' Lewis publishes his notorious gothic novel The Monk
to success and scandal because of its immoral content.Mungo Park explores the course of the River Niger.
Wolfe Tone, founder of The Society of United Irishmen, departs for America after being implicated in high treason in Ireland. Exiled in Philadelphia, he soon leaves for France to ask revolutionaries for assistance.Joseph Haydn composes the English Canzonettas
during his second stay in London.