© National Portrait Gallery, London
Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive
by James Macardell, after Thomas Gainsborough Click on the links below to find out more
19 7/8 in. x 13 7/8 in. (505 mm x 351 mm) plate size; 20 3/8 in. x 14 1/8 in. (518 mm x 358 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1953
- Thomas Gainsborough (1727-1788), Portrait and landscape painter. Artist associated with 262 portraits, Sitter in 8 portraits.
- James Macardell (1727 or 1728-1765), Mezzotint engraver. Artist associated with 291 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
Birth of George, Prince of Wales (later George IV) on 12 August. Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle resigns as Prime Minister over foreign policy and is succeeded by the Tory John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute. Many of Newcastle's followers are dismissed over the following months in what becomes popularly known as the 'Massacre of the Pelhamite Innocents'.'Cock Lane ghost' appears in Smithfield, London.
Art and science
James MacPherson publishes Fingal, an Ancient Epic Poem
, said to be the work of the third century Scottish bard Ossian, initiating the greatest literary hoax of the century.Sign-Painters Exhibition is organised in London by Bonnell Thornton to ridicule recently established public art exhibitions. Artist William Hogarth publishes The Times Plate 1
; an anti-war satire.
Philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau publishes his major works The Social Contract and Emile; influential treatises on society and education. Peter III of Russia is reputedly assassinated as a result of a conspiracy led by his wife Catherine, who succeeds him to the throne as Catherine II (later the Great). Seven Years' War: The British commander John Manners Marquess of Granby distinguishes himself at the Battle of Manila.