© National Portrait Gallery, London
King William IV
by and published by Valentine Green, after Benjamin West Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published 1 February 1780
14 in. x 10 7/8 in. (356 mm x 277 mm) plate size; 16 1/8 in. x 12 1/8 in. (409 mm x 307 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1952
- King William IV (1765-1837), Reigned 1830-37. Sitter associated with 144 portraits.
- Valentine Green (1739-1813), Mezzotint engraver. Artist associated with 149 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- Benjamin West (1738-1820), History painter and President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 39 portraits, Sitter associated with 43 portraits.
Anti-Catholic mob led by Lord George Gordon marches on Parliament to protest against the Catholic Relief Act, leading to the outbreak of the Gordon Riots in London. Six days of rioting are ended by the intervention of troops, with 285 people shot dead.Dunning's Motion in Parliament attacks the influence of the crown, suggesting that it has increased and ought to be diminished.
Art and science
Royal Academy moves to Somerset House on The Strand, London. Mrs E. Johnson's British Gazette and Sunday Monitor
, the first Sunday newspaper in Britain, begins publication. Potter Josiah Wedgwood invents the pyrometer; a device used for measuring high temperatures.
American War of Independence: British troops under Charles Cornwallis defeat American army under Horatio Gates at Camden, South Carolina. The capture of British army officer and spy John André yields proof that US general Benedict Arnold is in the pay of the British. André is executed in as a spy.Second Anglo-Mysore War in India between Hyder Ali and the East India Company. Bolshoi Theatre of opera and ballet is founded in Moscow.