© National Portrait Gallery, London
Queen Victoria; King Edward VII
by Henry Thomas Ryall, published by Hering & Remington, after Frederick A.C. Tilt Click on the links below to find out more
stipple and line engraving, (circa 1847)
20 in. x 16 in. (507 mm x 406 mm) plate size; 20 3/8 in. x 16 1/4 in. (517 mm x 412 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- King Edward VII (1841-1910), Reigned 1901-10. Sitter associated with 500 portraits.
- Queen Victoria (1819-1901), Reigned 1837-1901. Sitter associated with 527 portraits, Artist associated with 5 portraits.
In keeping with the German Romantic tradition, the royal couple asked the miniaturist, Robert Thorburn, to portray them using earlier art historical styles in a variety of period dress. In this work, an engraved copy, the queen, posed as a medieval lady, wears a dress possibly inspired by Louisa, Lady Waterford's costume at the Eglinton Tournament. Thorburn would also depict her as Raphael-like Madonna. Alluding to Prince Albert's chivalrous qualities, the artist painted him as a noble knight in armour,and a seventeenth-century courtier.
The 10 Hours Factory Act passed, regulating working hours for women and children under the age of eighteen to effectively a maximum of ten hours a day. The Communist League is founded in London, attended by Friedrich Engels. The League draws up a set of rules and aims, including overthrowing the bourgeoisie and empowering the Proleteriat, and ending class division, forming the basis of Karl Marx's The Communist Manifesto
Art and science
A good year for novels: Emily Bronte's passionate, rebellious and gothic Wuthering Heights
is published, followed shortly by her sister Charlotte's 'Jane Eyre
, a story of a governess's struggle for liberty from social and gender constrictions. Drawing on a similar vein of revolution and rebellious women, William Thackeray's satirical novel Vanity Fair
The Don Pacifico affair sparks an international incident, when the Jewish trader's business was burned in an anti-semitic attack in Athens. When the Greek government refused to compensate him, Gibraltar-born Pacifico appealed to the British government. Foreign Minister Palmerston sent a squadron into the Aegean in 1850 to seize goods of the equivalent value, leading to strained relations with Turkey and Russia, and heated debates in Parliament.