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King John

10 of 29 portraits of King John

King John, probably by or after William Faithorne, (early 1640s) - NPG D33929 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

King John

probably by or after William Faithorne
etching, (early 1640s)
4 3/8 in. x 3 in. (110 mm x 76 mm) paper size; 7 1/4 in. x 4 1/8 in. (184 mm x 106 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
Reference Collection
NPG D33929

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Sitterback to top

  • King John (1167-1216), Reigned 1199-1216. Sitter associated with 29 portraits.

Artistback to top

  • William Faithorne (circa 1620-1691), Engraver and draughtsman. Artist associated with 719 portraits, Sitter associated with 4 portraits.

Events of 1640back to top

Current affairs

Second Bishops' War. James Graham, Marquess of Montrose, leading the Scottish armies, occupies northeast of England. Defeat at the Battle of Newburn forces impoverished Charles to sign Treaty of Ripon. Long Parliament. Habeas Corpus Act is passed, abolishing the Star Chamber. Impeachment of Royalists, Earl of Strafford and Archbishop Laud.

Art and science

Author, James Howell, writes Dodona's Grove, a historical allegory of events since 1603. A renowned royalist, Howell's anti-parliamentary remarks in the book would later attract accusations from parliamentarians. The last Caroline masque before the outbreak of civil war, Salmacida Spolia by Sir William Davenant, is performed at Whitehall Palace.


Frederick William becomes Elector of Brandenburg and Duke of Prussia. The Elector's policy of religious tolerance benefited his state during the religious struggles dominating the Thirty Years' War. The Bay Psalm Book is published, the first book to be printed in British North America.

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