14 of 21 portraits of King Stephen
by John Carwitham, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, circa 1723-1741
3 3/8 in. x 2 1/2 in. (87 mm x 64 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
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Sitterback to top
- King Stephen (circa 1092-1154), Reigned 1135-54. Sitter associated with 21 portraits.
Artistsback to top
Events of 1723back to top
Current affairsExiled Jacobite leader Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke is pardoned and allowed to return to London from Paris. Workhouse Test Act under which poor relief claimants have to enter a workhouse. Black Act makes poaching a capital offence.
Art and scienceArchitect Christopher Wren dies. Artist Joshua Reynolds is born in Plympton, Devon.Portrait-painter Godfrey Kneller dies.Philosopher Bernard de Mandeville republishes his celebrated Fable of the Bees with new essays on charity and the nature of society. They are vigorously combated and made the subject of prosecution in 1729.
InternationalHoly Roman Emperor, Charles VI, agrees that Hungary shall be ruled as a separate kingdom within his empire.Treaty of Charlottenburg signed between Britain and Prussia, which arranges for George I's grandson to marry a Prussian princess and Prince Frederick of Prussia to marry the Prince of Wales' daughter. It is never enacted.
Exhibitions and displays
- Framing the Face: Collars and Ruffs
Until 31 December