© National Portrait Gallery, London
Fictitious portrait of King Henry I
probably by William Faithorne, sold by Sir Robert Peake Click on the links below to find out more
etching, probably published 1658
4 1/4 in. x 3 1/8 in. (108 mm x 78 mm) plate size; 11 5/8 in. x 8 3/8 in. (295 mm x 213 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- King Henry I (1068 or 1069-1135), Reigned 1100-35. Sitter associated with 18 portraits.
- William Faithorne (circa 1620-1691), Engraver and draughtsman. Artist associated with 719 portraits, Sitter associated with 4 portraits.
- Sir Robert Peake (circa 1605-1667), Printseller and royalist army officer. Artist associated with 61 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- NPG D23618: Fictitious portrait of King Henry I (from same plate)
Lord Protector, Oliver Cromwell dies from pneumonia at Whitehall on 3rd September. His effigy lay in state at Somerset House, the ceremony based upon that of James I. Cromwell's son, Richard Cromwell is nominated Lord Protector. Granddaughter of James I, Princess Sophia marries Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover.
Art and science
Puritan divine, Richard Baxter, publishes A Call to the Unconverted
, a core text of evangelicalism. Playwright, William Davenant stages his innovative The Cruelty of the Spaniards in Peru
, relating to Oliver Cromwell's anti-Spanish policy. Presented as a musical, it circumvents the ban imposed during the Interregnum on dramatic performances.
James, Duke of York, fighting alongside his brother, Henry, Duke of Gloucester, commands a Royalist contingent allied to Spanish forces against the armies of England, Holland and France at the Battle of the Dunes. Their defeat ends the prospect of a Royalist invasion of England with Spanish support.