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Fictitious portrait called King Stephen

11 of 21 portraits of King Stephen

Fictitious portrait called King Stephen, after Unknown artist, published 1649 - NPG D33877 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Fictitious portrait called King Stephen

after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1649
4 3/4 in. x 3 1/8 in. (122 mm x 78 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
Reference Collection
NPG D33877


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Sitterback to top

  • King Stephen (circa 1092-1154), Reigned 1135-54. Sitter associated with 21 portraits.

Artistback to top

Related worksback to top

  • NPG D21426: Fictitious portrait called King Stephen (from same plate)

Events of 1649back to top

Current affairs

Charged with subverting the nation's laws and liberties and cruelly making war against Parliament and the English people, Charles I is found guilty by a court of 159 commissioners, and beheaded outside the Banqueting House, Whitehall. England is declared a commonwealth and power is entrusted to a Council of State.

Art and science

Eikon Basilike, a self-exonerating account of Charles I's rule, is published days after his death. Allegedly written by the king himself, John Gauden, Bishop of Worcester, claimed authorship after the Restoration. Other tributes followed the king's death giving rise to a royalist cult of Charles the Martyr.

International

Oliver Cromwell, as lord lieutenant of Ireland, begins his brutal campaign in Ireland to subdue royalist support, and leads English Parliamentarian forces against the Royalist-Confederate coalition. The campaign's bloody massacres, in particular, the Siege of Drogheda and Wexford where Cromwell's troops slaughtered soldiers and civilians alike, became notorious.

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