© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir George Scharf
by Sir George Scharf Click on the links below to find out more
14 in. x 10 in. (356 mm x 253 mm) overall
Bequeathed by Sir George Scharf, 1958
- Sir George Scharf (1820-1895), Artist and art historian; first Director of the National Portrait Gallery. Sitter in 79 portraits, Artist associated with 80 portraits.
- Sir George Scharf (1820-1895), Artist and art historian; first Director of the National Portrait Gallery. Artist associated with 80 portraits, Sitter in 79 portraits.
Queen Victoria celebrates her Golden Jubilee, marking 50 years of her reign. In what becomes known as 'Bloody Sunday', or the Trafalgar Square Riot, the police attack a meeting of the Social Democratic Federation, led by among others) Elizabeth Reynolds, John Burns, Annie Besant and Robert Cunninghame-Graham, killing three and injuring more than 200 crowd members.
Art and scienceA Study in Scarlet
, the first of Arthur Conan Doyle's detective mysteries featuring Sherlock Holmes and his assistant Dr Watson, is published. One of only four novels (there were a further 56 short stories) featuring Holmes, the mystery turns around the discovery of a corpse in Brixton.The essayist and critic Walter Pater publishes Imaginary Portraits
in which he consolidates his doctrine of Aestheticism, 'art for art's sake'.
Britain ratifies the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, thus accepting the terms of the International Copyright Act (1886), which abolishes the requirement to register foreign works and introduces an exclusive right to import or produce translations.The British annex Zululand; it becomes part of Natal in 1897.