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The Sovereigns of England, part 2

14 of 25 portraits of King Richard III

The Sovereigns of England, part 2, by John Carwitham, printed and published by  Richard Caldwell, after  Unknown artist, circa 1723-1741 - NPG D34142 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

The Sovereigns of England, part 2

by John Carwitham, printed and published by Richard Caldwell, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, circa 1723-1741
13 7/8 in. x 9 7/8 in. (353 mm x 252 mm) plate size; 16 7/8 in. x 10 3/4 in. (430 mm x 273 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1959
Reference Collection
NPG D34142


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Artistsback to top

Sittersback to top

  • Queen Anne (1665-1714), Reigned 1702-14. Sitter associated with 73 portraits.
  • King Charles I (1600-1649), Reigned 1625-49. Sitter associated with 334 portraits.
  • King Charles II (1630-1685), Reigned 1660-85. Sitter associated with 294 portraits.
  • King Edward V (1470-1483), Reigned 1483. Sitter associated with 14 portraits.
  • King Edward VI (1537-1553), Reigned 1547-53. Sitter associated with 47 portraits.
  • Queen Elizabeth I (1533-1603), Reigned 1558-1603. Sitter associated with 127 portraits.
  • King George I (1660-1727), Reigned 1714-27. Sitter associated with 52 portraits.
  • King George II (1683-1760), Reigned 1727-60. Sitter associated with 56 portraits.
  • King Henry VII (1457-1509), Reigned 1485-1509. Sitter associated with 65 portraits.
  • King Henry VIII (1491-1547), Reigned 1509-47. Sitter associated with 95 portraits.
  • King James I of England and VI of Scotland (1566-1625), Reigned Scotland 1567-1625 and England 1603-25. Sitter associated with 198 portraits.
  • King James II (1633-1701), Reigned 1685-88. Sitter associated with 132 portraits.
  • Queen Mary I (1516-1558), Reigned 1553-58; daughter of Henry VIII and Katherine of Aragon. Sitter associated with 49 portraits.
  • Queen Mary II (1662-1694), Reigned with William III 1689-94. Sitter associated with 94 portraits.
  • King Richard III (1452-1485), Reigned 1483-85. Sitter associated with 25 portraits.
  • King William III (1650-1702), Reigned 1689-1702. Sitter associated with 140 portraits.

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Events of 1723back to top

Current affairs

Exiled Jacobite leader Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke is pardoned and allowed to return to London from Paris. Workhouse Test Act under which poor relief claimants have to enter a workhouse. Black Act makes poaching a capital offence.

Art and science

Architect Christopher Wren dies. Artist Joshua Reynolds is born in Plympton, Devon. Portrait-painter Godfrey Kneller dies. Philosopher Bernard de Mandeville republishes his celebrated Fable of the Bees with new essays on charity and the nature of society. They are vigorously combated and made the subject of prosecution in 1729.

International

Holy Roman Emperor, Charles VI, agrees that Hungary shall be ruled as a separate kingdom within his empire. Treaty of Charlottenburg signed between Britain and Prussia, which arranges for George I's grandson to marry a Prussian princess and Prince Frederick of Prussia to marry the Prince of Wales' daughter. It is never enacted.

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