© National Portrait Gallery, London
Daniel Rutherford with 'A distant View of Edinburgh'
by William Holl Sr, published by Robert John Thornton, after Sir Henry Raeburn Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving and etching, published 1 June 1804
18 3/4 in. x 12 7/8 in. (475 mm x 328 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1964
- William Holl Sr (1771-1838), Engraver. Artist associated with 126 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Sir Henry Raeburn (1756-1823), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 74 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- Robert John Thornton (1768-1837), Physician, writer on botany and publisher. Artist associated with 48 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
- NPG D5861: Daniel Rutherford (from same plate)
- NPG D39950: Daniel Rutherford with 'A distant View of Edinburgh' (from same plate)
William Pitt returns to office and forms a second coalition administration, retaining many of those who had served under his predecessor Henry Addington but specifically excluding his arch rival Charles James Fox .
Art and science
William Blake starts writing Jerusalem
. One of his most ambitious allegorical poems, it took nearly eight years to complete. Amidst infighting about submissions to the annual exhibition, attempts are made to unseat painter Benjamin West as President of the Royal Academy and elect architect James Wyatt instead.
Napoleon declares himself Emperor of France and is crowned as Napoleon I by Pope Pius VII in Paris. Haiti achieves independence led by Toussaint L'Ouverture, the patriot and martyr who had seized control from the French in 1801. He becomes a symbolic figure of freedom for the British anti-slavery movement.