© National Portrait Gallery, London
Elizabeth Southwell (née Cromwell), Lady Cromwell
by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
16 5/8 in. x 10 3/8 in. (423 mm x 265 mm) plate size; 16 7/8 in. x 10 5/8 in. (429 mm x 271 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1682 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- NPG D11550: Elizabeth Southwell (née Cromwell), Lady Cromwell (from same plate)
- NPG D34364: Elizabeth Southwell (née Cromwell), Lady Cromwell (from same plate)
William III dies and is succeeded by Anne, his sister-in-law, the second daughter of James II and Anne Hyde. Committed to the Church of England and swayed towards Tory values, the queen would enjoy considerable popularity. The general election sweeps the Tories to power in a landslide victory.
Art and science
Writer, Daniel Defoe, publishes the Shortest Way with the Dissenters
. The pamphlet is considered critical of the Anglican Church and Defoe is eventually arrested for seditious libel and briefly imprisoned. The Daily Courant
, Britain's first daily newspaper consisting of one page with two columns, is printed by Edward Mallet.
Admiral George Rooke overwhelmingly defeats a French squadron escorting a Spanish silver fleet from South America, at the naval Battle of Vigo Bay. In the War of the Spanish Succession, John Churchill, Captain-General of the Forces, forces the French to withdraw from the River Maas.