© National Portrait Gallery, London
Thomas Milner Gibson
by William Holl Jr, published by Thomas Collins, after James Holmes Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, published 1842
10 7/8 in. x 7 1/2 in. (277 mm x 189 mm) plate size; 17 1/8 in. x 11 5/8 in. (435 mm x 295 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Thomas Milner Gibson (1806-1884), Politician; President of the Board of Trade. Sitter in 13 portraits.
- Thomas Collins (active 1842), Publisher. Artist associated with 3 portraits.
- William Holl Jr (1807-1871), Engraver. Artist associated with 176 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- James Holmes (1777-1860), Miniature painter. Artist associated with 23 portraits.
Edwin Chadwick publishes his damning report, Sanitary Conditions of the Labouring Poor
, which details the shocking living conditions of the urban poor and prompts government to take a new interest in public health issues.A year-long depression and the rejection of the Chartist petition leads to riots, with workers striking in the Midlands, Lancashire, Yorkshire, and parts of Scotland.
Art and science
Mudie's Lending Library opens, becoming one of the largest circulating libraries in the period. Made popular by the otherwise high cost of books, it exerts a great influence over literature; both by maintaining the more costly 'three decker' novel structure, and acting as moral censor.Richard Owen, the English biologist, comparative anatomist and palaeontologist, coins the term 'dinosaur', combining the Greek words for 'formidable' and 'reptile'.
Treaty of Nanjing, which allows China to trade with Britain and lends Hong Kong to the British crown for 150 years. In Afghanistan, the Anglo-Afghan war ends as the British abandon Kabul, withdrawing to India and losing most of their garrison force in the operation with only one member, Dr William Brydon, surviving.