© National Portrait Gallery, London
Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne
by James Macardell, after William Hoare Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, mid 18th century
15 3/8 in. x 10 3/4 in. (389 mm x 274 mm) plate size; 16 in. x 11 in. (406 mm x 285 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- William Hoare (1707-1792), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 74 portraits, Sitter in 6 portraits.
- James Macardell (1727 or 1728-1765), Mezzotint engraver. Artist associated with 291 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- NPG D9400: Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne (from same plate)
Jacobite Simon Fraser, 11th Baron Lovat is found guilty of high treason and beheaded by axe at the Tower of London; the last man to be executed in this way in Britain. Abolition of Hereditable Jurisdictions Act breaks the power of the Scottish clans.Liverpool overtakes Bristol as Britain's busiest slave trading port.
Art and science
Actor David Garrick becomes co-manager of Drury Lane Theatre, London. Physician James Lind undertakes one of the first controlled medical experiments on the effect of citrus fruit as a cure for scurvy.Hannah Glasse publishes The Art of Cookery, Made Plain and Easy
; eighteenth-century England's most popular cookbook.
War of the Austrian Succession: at the First Battle of Cape Finisterre the British fleet is victorious against the French. British forces led by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland are subsequently defeated by Marshal Maurice de Saxe's French army at the Battle of Lauffeld near Maastricht. At the Second Battle of Cape Finisterre the British fleet puts an end to French naval operations for the remainder of the war.