© National Portrait Gallery, London
George Henry Fitzroy, 4th Duke of Grafton when Lord Euston
after George Romney Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, 1780s
15 in. x 11 in. (380 mm x 280 mm) plate size; 16 in. x 11 3/4 in. (405 mm x 299 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- George Romney (1734-1802), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 159 portraits, Sitter in 5 portraits.
Anti-Catholic mob led by Lord George Gordon marches on Parliament to protest against the Catholic Relief Act, leading to the outbreak of the Gordon Riots in London. Six days of rioting are ended by the intervention of troops, with 285 people shot dead.Dunning's Motion in Parliament attacks the influence of the crown, suggesting that it has increased and ought to be diminished.
Art and science
Royal Academy moves to Somerset House on The Strand, London. Mrs E. Johnson's British Gazette and Sunday Monitor
, the first Sunday newspaper in Britain, begins publication. Potter Josiah Wedgwood invents the pyrometer; a device used for measuring high temperatures.
American War of Independence: British troops under Charles Cornwallis defeat American army under Horatio Gates at Camden, South Carolina. The capture of British army officer and spy John André yields proof that US general Benedict Arnold is in the pay of the British. André is executed in as a spy.Second Anglo-Mysore War in India between Hyder Ali and the East India Company. Bolshoi Theatre of opera and ballet is founded in Moscow.