© National Portrait Gallery, London
by and published by John Raphael Smith, after Joseph Wright Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published 1 May 1797
14 7/8 in. x 11 in. (378 mm x 279 mm) plate size; 18 1/8 in. x 13 in. (460 mm x 330 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Erasmus Darwin (1731-1802), Physician and poet. Sitter in 8 portraits.
- John Raphael Smith (1752-1812), Portrait painter, engraver and pastellist. Artist associated with 185 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Joseph Wright (1734-1797), Painter, known as 'Wright of Derby'. Artist associated with 19 portraits, Sitter associated with 7 portraits.
Current affairsThe Anti-Jacobin
periodical makes its debut followed by The Anti-Jacobin Review
the year after. Edited by William Gifford, it acted as a Tory mouthpiece against the 'New Morality' associated with republicanism.Bank crisis results in the temporary suspension of payments by the Bank of England leading to a nationwide currency shortage.
Art and science
Robert Southey, later Poet Laureate, publishes his collected Poems
, exploring contemporary interest in mythology and non-European cultures.Ann Radcliffe publishes her popular gothic novel The Italian
. One of the most imaginative novelists of the period, she helped introduce readers to the romantic sense of the supernatural.
Battle of Cape St Vincent. Admiral John Jervis leads the fleet which defeat the Spanish.Failure of a small French invasion in Pembrokeshire. Naval mutinies at Spithead and Nore.Attack on the Canary Islands in which Rear-Admiral Nelson loses an arm.