© National Portrait Gallery, London
by James Heath, published by J. Norman, after J. Rawlinson Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, published 14 May 1804
17 3/4 in. x 14 1/4 in. (451 mm x 361 mm) plate size; 18 5/8 in. x 14 3/4 in. (472 mm x 376 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Erasmus Darwin (1731-1802), Physician and poet. Sitter in 8 portraits.
- James Heath (1757-1834), Engraver. Artist associated with 78 portraits, Sitter associated with 8 portraits.
- J. Norman (active 1804). Artist associated with 1 portrait.
- J. Rawlinson. Artist associated with 4 portraits.
William Pitt returns to office and forms a second coalition administration, retaining many of those who had served under his predecessor Henry Addington but specifically excluding his arch rival Charles James Fox .
Art and science
William Blake starts writing Jerusalem
. One of his most ambitious allegorical poems, it took nearly eight years to complete. Amidst infighting about submissions to the annual exhibition, attempts are made to unseat painter Benjamin West as President of the Royal Academy and elect architect James Wyatt instead.
Napoleon declares himself Emperor of France and is crowned as Napoleon I by Pope Pius VII in Paris. Haiti achieves independence led by Toussaint L'Ouverture, the patriot and martyr who had seized control from the French in 1801. He becomes a symbolic figure of freedom for the British anti-slavery movement.