© National Portrait Gallery, London
Alexandra of Denmark with members of her family
by W. & D. Downey, published by Cassell & Company, Ltd Click on the links below to find out more
carbon print, 1893, published 1894
5 5/8 in. x 3 7/8 in. (144 mm x 98 mm) image size
acquired (originally for the library)
- Queen Alexandra (1844-1925), Queen of Edward VII. Sitter associated with 467 portraits, Artist associated with 10 portraits.
- Princess Alexandra, Princess Arthur of Connaught (1891-1959), Wife of Prince Arthur of Connaught; daughter of Princess Louise, Duchess of Fife. Sitter in 28 portraits.
- Christian IX, King of Denmark (1818-1906), Reigned 1863-1906; father of Queen Alexandra. Sitter in 18 portraits.
- Louise, Queen of Denmark (1817-1898), Wife of Christian IX, King of Denmark; mother of Queen Alexandra. Sitter in 29 portraits.
- Princess Louise, Duchess of Fife (1867-1931), Princess Royal; wife of 6th Earl of Fife, later Duke of Fife; daughter of King Edward VII. Sitter in 92 portraits.
Keir Hardie is among the group who formalise the Independent Labour Party, and is elected chairman and party leader at the opening conference. Gladstone continues with his campaign for home rule in Ireland, introducing the Second Home Rule Bill, which is passed by the Commons but vetoed by the Lords.
Art and science
Art Nouveau becomes a fully established movement in European art and design, after emerging in different countries and across different disciplines at the start of the decade. Key figures include the illustrator Aubrey Beardsley, architects Victor Horta and Paul Hankar, and the designer Alphonse Mucha. Art Nouveau is characterised by the 'whiplash' line, a decorative line which represents graphically the desire to break free from traditional aesthetic constraints.
Gandhi's ejection from a South African train carriage on account of his race is the catalyst for his non-violent activism in leading the struggle for Indian independence from British rule. New Zealand becomes the first self-governing country to grant women the vote. The Chicago World's Fair is visited by more than 200 million people, with Nikola Tesla and George Westinghouse introducing electrical power to illuminate the fair.