© National Portrait Gallery, London
by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, 1709 (1708)
13 5/8 in. x 9 3/4 in. (347 mm x 249 mm) plate size; 14 in. x 10 1/8 in. (357 mm x 256 mm) paper size
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1681 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- NPG D9187: Edward Southwell (from same plate)
Political struggle develops between the Whigs and Queen Anne over the succession to the post of Lord High Admiral following the death of the queen's consort, Prince George. The Whig, Robert Walpole, Earl of Orford, eventually wins the post. Unusually cold winter in England and across Europe.
Art and science
Publisher and secretary of the Kit-cat Club, Jacob Tonson, senior and poet John Dryden, include Alexander Pope's first publication, his poem, Pastorals, in the sixth edition of their Miscellany Poems
. Dramatist, Nicholas Rowe, edits the first modern edition of Shakespeare's plays.The Tatler
is founded by essayist Sir Richard Steele.
Ambassador to The Hague, Charles Townshend, Viscount Townshend, negotiates the barrier treaty with Holland, guaranteeing provision of fortresses in the Southern Netherlands and safeguarding the Hanoverian succession in England. Townshend also enters serious negotiations for peace with France. Battle of Malplaquet results in stalemate between the warring factions.