© National Portrait Gallery, London
Archie Pitt (Archibald Abraham Selinger); Dame Gracie Fields
by Barratt's Photo Press Ltd Click on the links below to find out more
4 3/8in. x 6 1/8in. (111 mm x 156 mm)
Prince Andrew is born, the third child of Queen Elizabeth and Prince Phillip.The Contraceptive Pill is introduced in England, dramatically changing the nation's approach to sex and relationships, and significantly contributing to the 1960s culture of liberation.
Art and science
Penguin books defend D.H. Lawrence's Lady Chatterley's Lover
against charges of obscenity by demonstrating that the novel was of literary merit. The 'not guilty' verdict was seen as a victory for free speech and marked the beginning if a new era of liberalism.The satirical review Beyond the Fringe
launches the careers of Alan Bennett, Peter Cook, Dudley Moore and Jonathan Miller.
Harold Macmillan delivers his 'wind of change' speech to the South African Parliament in Cape Town, announcing Britain's decision to grant independence to many of her colonies. The speech recognised the emergence of African nationalism, and criticised the policy of Apartheid in South Africa.