© National Portrait Gallery, London
by J. Thornthwaite, published by Robert Wilkinson Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, published 4 July 1812 (1780)
11 1/8 in. x 8 1/8 in. (284 mm x 206 mm) paper size
Given by Henry Witte Martin, 1861
- William Hunter (1718-1783), Anatomist and physician; obstetrician and physician to Queen Charlotte. Sitter associated with 6 portraits.
- J. Thornthwaite (born 1740?), Engraver. Artist associated with 31 portraits.
- Robert Wilkinson (active 1767-1827), Publisher. Artist associated with 60 portraits.
Prime Minister Spencer Perceval is assassinated in the lobby of the House of Commons by a bankrupt named John Bellingham. A new administration is formed under Lord Liverpool.The Toleration Act is passed giving greater freedom of worship to dissenters in order to ensure their political loyalty.
Art and science
Actress Sarah Siddons retires from the London stage. Her final appearance is as Lady Macbeth, the role that made her famous, but the performance has to end after the sleepwalking scene because of the fervour of the audience.Building of Regent's Canal begins under John Rennie.
United States declares war on Britain over grievances arising from British naval conduct in the French wars. American plan for attack on Canada fails and British troops under Sir Edward Pakenham force surrender of Detroit.Wellington defeats French at Salamanca and enters Madrid.Napoleon leads France in disastrous Russian campaign.