© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir George Scharf
by John James Fisher Click on the links below to find out more
albumen cabinet card, 6 February 1889
4 3/8 in. x 3 3/8 in. (112 mm x 85 mm) image size, oval
- Sir George Scharf (1820-1895), Artist and art historian; first Director of the National Portrait Gallery. Sitter in 79 portraits, Artist associated with 80 portraits.
Photographed for Henry Jamyn Brooks in his studio, as an aide to depicting Scharf in his large painting, Private View of the Old Masters Exhibition, Royal Academy, 1888. The painting appears in the photograph's background.
- NPG 1833: Private View of the Old Masters Exhibition, Royal Academy, 1888 (appears within the portrait)
The London Dock strike takes place resulting in a victory for the dock workers striking over pay and conditions.Prevention of Cruelty to Children Act, allowing legal intervention between children and parents for the first time.Charles Booth, the English social scientist, publishes the first volume of Life and Labour of the People
, an extensive survey into the living conditions of London's East End working class communities.
Art and science
George Gissing's The Nether World
, a dark account of the lives of the urban poor in Clerkenwell, is published. Gissing absorbs the French naturalist style of writers such as Emile Zola to produce a harshly realistic observation of life in London at the end of the nineteenth century.
The Eiffel Tower is erected, designed by the French engineer and bridge builder Alexandre Gustave Eiffel for the Paris Exposition. At 300m high, it was the tallest manmade structure in the world at the time.The Second International organisation is formed at a Congress in Paris by various socialist and labour parties, with the intention of working together for international socialism. It also declared 1 May International Labour Day.