Jan Christian Smuts
by Vandyk Click on the links below to find out more
glass negative, 30 June 1919
10in. x 12in. (254 mm x 304.8 mm)
Given by Bassano & Vandyk Studios, 1974
- Jan Christian Smuts (1870-1950), Prime Minister of South Africa, Field Marshal and writer on evolution. Sitter in 35 portraits.
- Vandyk (active 1881-1947). Artist associated with 626 portraits.
Sir John William Alcock and Lieutenant Arthur Whitten Brown pilot the first successful non-stop transatlantic flight from Newfoundland to Ireland, flying 1980 miles in their modified Vickers Vimy bomber plane in just over 16 hours. Their achievement won them a £10,000 prize from the Daily Mail newspaper.
Art and science
John Maynard Keynes publishes The Economic Consequences of the Peace
, an influential economic text that criticised the harsh economic treatment of Germany at the Treaty of Versailles and predicted the destabilising effects of the vindictive settlement.
The Paris Peace Conference negotiates the peace treaties between the victorious and defeated powers. The Conference culminated in a number of treaties including the Treaty of Versailles, which granted independence for the countries under Austrian and Russian rule and forced Germany to accept responsibility for the war and pay reparations. It also established the League of Nations.