'Pygmies of Central Africa'
1 portrait of Sir Lees Knowles
'Pygmies of Central Africa'
by Sir (John) Benjamin Stone
platinum print, 1905
6 1/8 in. x 8 in. (157 mm x 203 mm) image size
Given by House of Commons Library, 1974
Click on the links below to find out more:
Artistback to top
- Sir (John) Benjamin Stone (1838-1914), Politician and photographer. Artist associated with 1436 portraits, Sitter in 28 portraits.
Sittersback to top
- Sir Charles William Cayzer, 1st Bt (1843-1916), Shipowner, businessman and politician. Sitter in 10 portraits.
- James Jonathan Harrison (1858-1923), Soldier and big game hunter. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- William Hoffman (1867-1941), Traveller and rogue. Sitter in 3 portraits.
- Sir Charles Frederick Hutchinson (1850-1907), Physician and Liberal politician; MP for Rye. Sitter in 3 portraits.
- Ellen (née Soames), Lady Hutchinson, Wife of Sir Charles Frederick Hutchinson; daughter of S. Horner Soames. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Balthazar Walter Foster, 1st Baron Ilkeston (1840-1913), Politician and physician. Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Mr King (active 1905). Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Sir Lees Knowles (1857-1928), Politician, barrister and military historian. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Sir Robert John Price (1854-1926), Politician, surgeon and barrister. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Sir (Emil Hugo Oscar) Robert Ropner, 1st Bt (1838-1924), Politician, army officer, shipbuilder and shipowner. Sitter in 5 portraits.
- Sir John Batty Tuke (1835-1913), Politician and medical practitioner specialising in mental illness. Sitter in 5 portraits.
- Sir Charles Henry Wilson (1859-1930), Conservative politician; MP for Leeds Central. Sitter in 1 portrait.
This portraitback to top
Traveller and writer James J. Harrison (1857–1923) brought six Pygmies to Britain from the Ituri Forest region in the Congo. Within five days of their arrival in Britain, the Pygmies appeared at the Hippodrome Theatre in Leicester Square, London, supported by their Swahili-speaking interpreter William Hoffman (1867–1941), a former servant to H.M. Stanley.
The group was photographed at the House of Commons and less formally, in their stage costumes, presumably at the back of the Hippodrome. Sir (John) Benjamin Stone (1838–1914) was a prolific amateur photographer, wealthy Birmingham industrialist and Conservative MP. The Gallery holds 2000 of Stone’s Parliamentary photographs taken between 1897 and 1910. The photographs were all given by the House of Commons Library in 1974.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Rolley, Katrina; Aish, Caroline, Fashion in Photographs 1900-1920, 1992, p. 58
Placesback to top
- Place made and portrayed: United Kingdom: England, London (Members’ Entrance to Terrace, Houses of Parliament, Westminster, London)
Subjects & Themesback to top
Events of 1905back to top
Current affairsFollowing turmoil over the issue of Free Trade, Balfour resigns and calls an election, believing that the Liberals will be defeated. However, he is mistaken and Henry Campbell-Bannerman replaces him as the Liberal government Prime Minister.
The foundation of the Ulster Unionist Council, established to campaign against Home Rule, marks the birth of the Ulster Unionist party in Northern Ireland with the Duke of Abercorn as the first elected president.
Art and scienceThe Bloomsbury group of artists and intellectuals begin to hold informal gatherings at the home of Vanessa and Virginia Stephen. The group includes the artist Duncan Grant, biographer Lytton Strachey, and the art critics Clive Bell and Roger Fry.
The German theoretical physicist Albert Einstein has his 'annus mirabilis', publishing groundbreaking papers on the nature of light and motion, including his relation of mass and energy in the equation e = mc2.