© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir John Charles Ardagh
by Sir Emery Walker, after James Russell & Sons Click on the links below to find out more
photogravure, mid 1890s-early 1900s
4 1/4 in. x 3 3/8 in. (108 mm x 87 mm) image size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- James Russell & Sons (active 1850s-1940s). Artist associated with 691 portraits.
- Sir Emery Walker (1851-1933), Process-engraver and printer. Artist associated with 115 portraits, Sitter in 10 portraits.
Following Gladstone's resignation, Queen Victoria calls on the Liberal MP Archibald Primrose, the 5th Earl of Rosebery to become Prime Minister, a position he reluctantly accepts. His government is largely unsuccessful as the Tory-dominated House of Lords stop the whole of the Liberal's domestic legislation, and his foreign policy plans are defeated by internal Liberal disagreements.
Art and science
The Prince of Wales opens Tower Bridge, built over the Thames to improve access to the growing commercial district of the East End. The bridge was constructed from two bascules, or leaves, which could be raised to allow ships to pass underneath. Rudyard Kipling's hugely popular collection of children's stories, The Jungle Book
, are published. The stories, based on Kipling's own experiences in India, have been adapted many times.
The arrest and court-martial of Captain Alfred Dreyfus, a Jewish artillery officer, opens up divisions in France over anti-semitism continuing until Dreyfus's exoneration in 1906. The French President Sadi Carnot is assassinated by an Italian anarchist in Lyon. Nicholas II becomes Tsar of Russia following the death of Alexander III. Japan and China go to war over control of Korea, with the more modern Japanese army winning an easy victory.