© National Portrait Gallery, London
King James II
by John Smith, published by Alexander Browne, after Nicolas de Largillière Click on the links below to find out more
11 1/4 in. x 8 1/8 in. (286 mm x 206 mm) paper size
Given by Henry Witte Martin, 1861
- King James II (1633-1701), Reigned 1685-88. Sitter associated with 132 portraits.
- Alexander Browne (active 1659-died 1706), Artist, publisher, printseller, auctioneer and dealer. Artist associated with 149 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Nicolas de Largillière (1656-1746), Painter and Draughtsman. Artist associated with 42 portraits, Sitter associated with 3 portraits.
- John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
James II, determined to re-establish Catholicism as a state religion, reverses proscription for Catholics to positions of authority, revives the ecclesiastic Court of High Commission, and admits to the privy council four Catholic lords, including John Belasyse, Baron Belasyse of Worlaby.
Art and science
A collection of poems by painter and poet, Anne Killigrew are posthumously published under the title, Poems by Mrs. Anne Killigrew'
. A maid of honour to the queen, Mary of Modena, Killigrew was known for her beauty and virtuous nature.
The League of Augsburg, founded by a coalition of European countries convened by the Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I, opposed the expansionist plans of France. James II creates the Dominion of New England, uniting the administrations of several English colonies in North America.