© National Portrait Gallery, London
Louisa, Countess of Albany
by Alessio Giardoni, after Carlo Marsigli Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, published 1773
8 3/4 in. x 6 1/2 in. (223 mm x 164 mm) plate size; 11 1/4 in. x 7 3/4 in. (287 mm x 198 mm) paper size
Given by Henry Witte Martin, 1861
Tea Act grants the struggling East India Company a monopoly on the North American tea trade.Brokers who meet to do business in Jonathan's coffee house in Threadneedle Street, London decide to call themselves the Stock Exchange.General Turnpike Act regulates the system of road tolls.
Art and science
Samuel Johnson and James Boswell undertake a journey together to the western islands of Scotland.Oliver Goldsmith's play She Stoops to Conquer
debuts in London's Covent Garden Theatre.
Captain James Cook becomes the first European explorer to cross the Antarctic Circle.Boston Tea Party demonstrates opposition in the colonies to the import duty on tea. Some fifty colonists, disguised as Indians, tip a valuable cargo of tea into Boston harbour as a protest against the British tax.Responding to pressure from the Catholic monarchs of Europe, Clement XIV abolishes the Jesuit Order.