The Liberal Cabinet, 1880
9 of 37 portraits of John Poyntz Spencer, 5th Earl Spencer
The Liberal Cabinet, 1880
by Unknown photographer
albumen carte-de-visite, circa 1880
3 1/2 in. x 2 1/4 in. (90 mm x 57 mm) image size
Given by Miss Bremner, 1934
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Sittersback to top
- George Douglas Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll (1823-1900), Politician, Lord Privy Seal and Secretary of State for India and writer on science, religion, and politics. Sitter in 31 portraits.
- John Bright (1811-1889), Statesman and orator. Sitter associated with 94 portraits.
- Joseph ('Joe') Chamberlain (1836-1914), Industrialist and politician; MP for Birmingham. Sitter in 104 portraits.
- Hugh Culling Eardley Childers (1827-1896), Statesman. Sitter associated with 18 portraits.
- Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire (1833-1908), Politician and Captain. Sitter in 55 portraits.
- William Edward Forster (1818-1886), Industrialist, philanthropist and Liberal politician; MP for Bradford; son of William Forster. Sitter in 22 portraits.
- William Ewart Gladstone (1809-1898), Prime Minister and writer. Sitter associated with 315 portraits.
- Granville George Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Granville (1815-1891), Politician, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and leader of the Liberal party. Sitter associated with 50 portraits.
- Sir William Vernon Harcourt (1827-1904), Lawyer, journalist and Liberal politician; MP for Oxford and Derby, Chancellor of the Exchequer and leader of the British Liberal Party. Sitter in 54 portraits.
- John Wodehouse, 1st Earl of Kimberley (1826-1902), Politician, Secretary of State for the Colonies and Foreign Secretary. Sitter in 16 portraits.
- John George Dodson, 1st Baron Monk Bretton (1825-1897), Politician; Deputy Speaker of the House of Commons. Sitter in 6 portraits.
- Thomas George Baring, 1st Earl of Northbrook (1826-1904), Politician, First Lord of the Admiralty and Viceroy of India. Sitter in 16 portraits.
- Roundell Palmer, 1st Earl of Selborne (1812-1895), Lord Chancellor; lawyer. Sitter associated with 34 portraits.
- John Poyntz Spencer, 5th Earl Spencer (1835-1910), Politician, Lord President of the Council and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. Sitter in 37 portraits.
Events of 1880back to top
Current affairsThe Liberals defeat the Conservatives, and Gladstone becomes Prime Minister for the second time, taking over from Disraeli, who retires from politics.The MP for Northampton and atheist Charles Bradlaugh, refuses to swear on the Bible and so forfeits his right to take his seat. Despite having the support of Gladstone and J.S Mill, it takes six years before he can take his seat, after which he pushes through a new Oaths Act (1888).
Art and scienceThomas Huxley delivers his address 'Science and Culture' at the opening of Josiah Mason's science college in Birmingham (published the following year). Huxley argues that the study of modern literature, combined with knowledge of science, should be promoted in education above classical literature, echoing the claim made by the poet and critic Matthew Arnold. Huxley, an early advocate of 'Darwinism', did much to popularise evolutionary theory.
InternationalBuenos Aires finally becomes the permanent capital of Argentina, following sixty years of political debates around the issue. The city was federalised, politically separated from the Buenos Aires Province, and placed under direct control of the national government. Despite allegations of vote buying, Cecil Rhodes is elected member of parliament for Barkly West in the Cape Colony, marking the start of his political career in South Africa.
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