© National Portrait Gallery, London
'Crown Princess of Greece & Family'
published by J. Beagles & Co Click on the links below to find out more
postcard print, 1905
4 7/8 in. x 3 1/4 in. (125 mm x 83 mm) image size
Given by Sir Robert Clermont Witt, 1934
- Alexander, King of Greece (1893-1920), Reigned 1917-20. Sitter in 2 portraits.
- George II, King of Greece (1890-1947), Reigned 1922-24 and 1935-47. Sitter in 16 portraits.
- Helen, Queen Mother of Romania (1896-1982), Second wife of Carol II, King of Romania; daughter of Constantine I, King of Greece. Sitter in 14 portraits.
- Princess Irene, Duchess of Aosta (1904-1974), Wife of Prince Aimone Savoy, 4th Duke of Aosta; daughter of Constantine I, King of Greece. Sitter in 9 portraits.
- Paul I, King of Greece (1901-1964), Reigned 1947-64. Sitter in 9 portraits.
- Sophie, Queen of Greece (née Princess Sophie of Prussia) (1870-1932), Consort of of Constantine I, King of Greece; daughter of Frederick III, Emperor of Germany and Princess Victoria. Sitter in 16 portraits.
Following turmoil over the issue of Free Trade, Balfour resigns and calls an election, believing that the Liberals will be defeated. However, he is mistaken and Henry Campbell-Bannerman replaces him as the Liberal government Prime Minister. The foundation of the Ulster Unionist Council, established to campaign against Home Rule, marks the birth of the Ulster Unionist party in Northern Ireland with the Duke of Abercorn as the first elected president.
Art and science
The Bloomsbury group of artists and intellectuals begin to hold informal gatherings at the home of Vanessa and Virginia Stephen. The group includes the artist Duncan Grant, biographer Lytton Strachey, and the art critics Clive Bell and Roger Fry. The German theoretical physicist Albert Einstein has his 'annus mirabilis', publishing groundbreaking papers on the nature of light and motion, including his relation of mass and energy in the equation e = mc2.
Massacre of more than 100 workers at a peaceful demonstration by troops in St Petersburg becomes known as 'Bloody Sunday'. The event sparks the 1905 Revolution, with uprisings and peasant revolts in other cities, leading the Tsar to issue the October Manifesto, pledging moderate reform, including the establishment of an elected 'duma' (government), which only partially appeases imperial opposition. Still fighting Japan, the internal agitation weakens the imperial army.