© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir Joshua Reynolds
by and published by John Keyse Sherwin, after Sir Joshua Reynolds Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1784 (1775)
11 5/8 in. x 10 in. (295 mm x 254 mm) plate size; 18 5/8 in. x 14 1/2 in. (472 mm x 368 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792), Painter and first President of the Royal Academy. Sitter associated with 38 portraits, Artist associated with 1413 portraits.
- Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792), Painter and first President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 1413 portraits, Sitter associated with 38 portraits.
- John Keyse Sherwin (1751-1790), Draughtsman and engraver. Artist associated with 50 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
Reynolds painted many self-portraits and encouraged their wide dissemination by allowing selected engravers to copy his works free of charge. This engraving was made after a self-portrait painted in 1775 for the Grand Duke of Tuscany to mark Reynolds's election to the Academy in Florence.
Theatre proprietor and postal reformer John Palmer runs the first mail coach in England, between Bristol and London. A three day journey is now completed in 16 hours. Commutation Act reduces punitive duties on tea to combat smuggling.
Art and science
Aeronaut James Sadler makes the first hot air balloon flight in Britain, from Oxford to Woodeaton.Chemist Henry Cavendish's paper Experiments on Air
reveals the composition of water.Writer Samuel Johnson dies.Joshua Reynolds succeeds Allan Ramsay as Painter to the King.
Thomas Jefferson's Land Ordinance passed by the United States' Continental Congress, coming into effect the following year. It allows for the sale of land in the largely unmapped west of the country. Britain receives its first bales of cotton from the United States since before the War of American Independence. William Pitt's India Act creates a Board of Control to oversee the affairs of the British East India Company and centralise power.