© National Portrait Gallery, London
by and published by William Walker, published by Waugh & Innes, after William Douglas Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, 1808
11 in. x 8 1/4 in. (279 mm x 211 mm) plate size; 19 1/4 in. x 12 5/8 in. (488 mm x 320 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Henry Grey (1778-1859), Free Church of Scotland minister. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- William Douglas (1780-1832), Miniaturist and portrait painter. Artist associated with 2 portraits.
- William Walker (1791-1867), Photographer, engraver and publisher. Artist associated with 119 portraits.
- Waugh & Innes (active 1807-1836), Booksellers and stationers. Artist associated with 1 portrait.
The 'Mary Anne Clarke affair' erupts in which Clarke, mistress of Frederick, Duke of York, was said to have used her influence with him to run a military promotions racket. Championed by radical government opponents, it ends in the Duke's resignation as Commander-in-Chief of the army.
Art and science
Sculptor John Flaxman begins Nelson memorial for St Paul's.Richard Trevithick demonstrates model railway travelling at 12 mph.
After taking Portugal, Napoleon invades Spain, deposes the Spanish Bourbon monarchy and appoints his brother Joseph as the new King. ThePeninsular War then begins under Sir John Moore and Arthur Wellesley, later Duke of Wellington, aiming to protect Portugal and exploit Iberian hatred of French tyranny.