by François Forster, published by Sir Francis Graham Moon, 1st Bt, after Franz Xaver Winterhalter
line engraving, published 1 May 1847
22 3/4 in. x 17 1/8 in. (579 mm x 435 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1960
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Sitterback to top
- Queen Victoria (1819-1901), Reigned 1837-1901. Sitter associated with 524 portraits, Artist associated with 5 portraits.
Artistsback to top
- François Forster (1790-1872). Artist associated with 1 portrait.
- Sir Francis Graham Moon, 1st Bt (1796-1871), Printseller and publisher. Artist associated with 59 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- Franz Xaver Winterhalter (1805-1873), Painter. Artist associated with 67 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
Placesback to top
- Place made: United Kingdom: England, London (Paris, France; 20 Threadneedle Street, London)
Subjects & Themesback to top
Events of 1847back to top
Current affairsThe 10 Hours Factory Act passed, regulating working hours for women and children under the age of eighteen to effectively a maximum of ten hours a day. The Communist League is founded in London, attended by Friedrich Engels. The League draws up a set of rules and aims, including overthrowing the bourgeoisie and empowering the Proleteriat, and ending class division, forming the basis of Karl Marx's The Communist Manifesto (1848).
Art and scienceA good year for novels: Emily Bronte's passionate, rebellious and gothic Wuthering Heightsis published, followed shortly by her sister Charlotte's 'Jane Eyre, a story of a governess's struggle for liberty from social and gender constrictions. Drawing on a similar vein of revolution and rebellious women, William Thackeray's satirical novel Vanity Fair is serialised.
InternationalThe Don Pacifico affair sparks an international incident, when the Jewish trader's business was burned in an anti-semitic attack in Athens. When the Greek government refused to compensate him, Gibraltar-born Pacifico appealed to the British government. Foreign Minister Palmerston sent a squadron into the Aegean in 1850 to seize goods of the equivalent value, leading to strained relations with Turkey and Russia, and heated debates in Parliament.
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