© National Portrait Gallery, London
James Beauclerk; Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans; Nell Gwyn
by Richard Tompson, after Sir Peter Lely Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, before 1693
14 1/4 in. x 11 1/2 in. (362 mm x 292 mm) plate size; 18 1/8 in. x 11 3/4 in. (461 mm x 300 mm) paper size
- Sir Peter Lely (1618-1680), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 842 portraits, Sitter in 19 portraits.
- Richard Tompson (died 1693), Publisher, printseller, auctioneer and dealer. Artist associated with 116 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
- NPG D35094: James Beauclerk; Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans; Nell Gwyn (from same plate)
- NPG D35095: James Beauclerk; Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans; Nell Gwyn (from same plate)
- Perry, Gill (introduction) Roach, Joseph (appreciation) and West, Shearer (appreciation), The First Actresses: Nell Gwyn to Sarah Siddons, 2011 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 20 October 2011 to 8 January 2012), p. 75
William III shift to the Whigs is made apparent by his appointment of John Somers and John Trenchard to senior government posts; his initial preference for mixed ministries waned principally due to Whig support of his foreign policies.
Art and science
Dramatist, William Congreve, stages his first two plays; The Old Bachelor
is enthusiastically received, conversely his subsequent play, The Double Dealer
, is not met with the same approval. In response, Congreve angrily attacks his critics in the dedication of its first publication.
Battle of Landen. French army heavily defeats English and Dutch forces under William III. William's retreat from the French cavalry is made possible by the defence of the bridge at Neerhespen, by Huguenot leader, Henri de Massue de Ruvigny. French defeat the British and Dutch merchant fleet, the Smyrna convoy.