© National Portrait Gallery, London
Edward Venables Vernon Harcourt
by George Henry Phillips, published by Hodgson & Graves, after Sir Thomas Lawrence Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, 1 November 1836 (1823)
16 in. x 10 3/4 in. (405 mm x 272 mm) plate size; 19 1/8 in. x 13 3/8 in. (486 mm x 339 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Hodgson & Graves (active 1836-1840), Publisher. Artist associated with 52 portraits.
- Sir Thomas Lawrence (1769-1830), Portrait painter, collector and President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 684 portraits, Sitter in 25 portraits.
- George Henry Phillips (circa 1800-active 1852), Printmaker. Artist associated with 22 portraits.
William Lovett founds the Working Men's Association, the precursor to Chartism, with the aim to achieving equal social and political rights between men of all classes. A reduction in stamp duty from 4d to 1d helps to keep unstamped newspapers off the street, and leads to wider circulation of legal newspapers. The first railway line is built in London, connecting to Greenwich and operated by the London Greenwich Railway (LGR).
Art and science
The American poet and writer Ralph Waldo Emerson outlines his theory of transcendentalism in Nature
, in which he argues for individualism above traditional authority, stressing the infinitude of the private self and the possibility of achieving an original relation to the universe. The German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer publishes On the Will in Nature
, a precursor to his famous The World as Will and Representation
Texas declares its independence from Mexico following a series of battles, including those at the Alamo and Goliad. Sam Houston is the first president of Texas, serving both in 1836-38 and 1841-44. The city of Adelaide is founded in Australia, at the mouth of the Torrens river, named in honour of Queen Adelaide, consort of William IV.