© National Portrait Gallery, London
Monumental effigy of John Donne
by Wenceslaus Hollar Click on the links below to find out more
13 3/8 in. x 8 3/8 in. (339 mm x 214 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1925
- John Donne (1572-1631), Poet and divine. Sitter associated with 21 portraits.
- Wenceslaus Hollar (1607-1677), Etcher. Artist associated with 530 portraits, Sitter associated with 10 portraits.
Lord Protector, Oliver Cromwell dies from pneumonia at Whitehall on 3rd September. His effigy lay in state at Somerset House, the ceremony based upon that of James I. Cromwell's son, Richard Cromwell is nominated Lord Protector. Granddaughter of James I, Princess Sophia marries Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover.
Art and science
Puritan divine, Richard Baxter, publishes A Call to the Unconverted
, a core text of evangelicalism. Playwright, William Davenant stages his innovative The Cruelty of the Spaniards in Peru
, relating to Oliver Cromwell's anti-Spanish policy. Presented as a musical, it circumvents the ban imposed during the Interregnum on dramatic performances.
James, Duke of York, fighting alongside his brother, Henry, Duke of Gloucester, commands a Royalist contingent allied to Spanish forces against the armies of England, Holland and France at the Battle of the Dunes. Their defeat ends the prospect of a Royalist invasion of England with Spanish support.