© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Philipp Galle Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, published 1572
6 7/8 in. x 4 3/4 in. (174 mm x 122 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- John Fisher (1469-1535), Bishop of Rochester, cardinal and martyr. Sitter associated with 33 portraits.
Thomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk is executed for his part in the papacy-backed Ridolfi Plot to overthrow Queen Elizabeth I. The French prince Francis, Duke of Anjou becomes a potential candidate as Elizabeth I's husband as Parliament makes repeated calls for an heir.Sir Francis Drake plunders Spanish treasure in the West Indies and returns to Plymouth with his spoils the following year.
Art and science
Miniature of Queen Elizabeth I painted by Nicholas Hilliard. The Archbishop of Canterbury Matthew Parker publishes De Antiquitate Britannicae Ecclesiae
(Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Britain), which charts the history of Christianity in Britain from the apocryphal arrival of Joseph of Arimathea. Birth of the poet and playwright Ben Jonson.Birth of the metaphysical poet and churchman John Donne.
St Bartholomew's Day Massacre of French Protestants (known as Huguenots) takes place in Paris. Under the orders of the queen mother Catherine de Medici and Henry, Duke of Guise, the Huguenot leader Admiral Gaspard de Coligny and thousands of his supporters are killed. Dutch Protestant privateers (known as Sea Beggars) capture the port of Brill, which becomes the first stronghold of the Dutch revolt against Spainish rule.