© National Portrait Gallery, London
Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke
by Bernard Baron, after Allan Ramsay Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1742
20 3/4 in. x 12 7/8 in. (527 mm x 328 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Bernard Baron (1696-1762), Engraver. Artist associated with 36 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Allan Ramsay (1713-1784), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 118 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- NPG D35416: Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke (from same plate)
Robert Walpole resigns as Prime Minister following the scandal surrounding the alleged rigging of the Chippenham by-election. He is made 1st Earl of Orford. Carteret administration formed with Spencer Compton, 1st Earl of Wilmington as Prime Minister.
Art and science
Composer George Frideric Handel's Messiah
is first performed at The Great Music Hall in Dublin. Ranelagh Gardens opens in Chelsea. Writer Edmond Hoyle publishes the definitive rules of whist.James Bradley succeeds Edmond Halley as Astronomer Royal.Painter Charles Jervas' translation of Don Quixote
is posthumously published.
War of the Austrian Succession: Treaty of Berlin, mediated by Britain, is signed by Maria Theresa of Austria and Frederick II of Prussia, ending the First Silesian War. George II acts as guarantor. Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius proposes 100 degrees between the freezing and boiling points of water.