© National Portrait Gallery, London
Dudley Ryder, 2nd Earl of Harrowby
by Thomas Hodgetts, published by Welch & Gwynne, after Thomas Clement Thompson Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published 15 November 1837
19 1/2 in. x 13 3/4 in. (496 mm x 350 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Dudley Ryder, 2nd Earl of Harrowby (1798-1882), Politician; MP for Tiverton and Liverpool, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and Lord Privy Seal. Sitter in 8 portraits.
- Thomas Hodgetts (active 1801-1846), Painter and engraver. Artist associated with 76 portraits.
- Thomas Clement Thompson (circa 1778-1857), Painter. Artist associated with 18 portraits.
- Welch & Gwynne (active 1837-1843), Printsellers and publishers. Artist associated with 18 portraits.
- NPG D35543: Dudley Ryder, 2nd Earl of Harrowby (from same plate)
The controversial monarch William IV dies of pneumonia in June leaving no legitimate heirs, and is succeeded to the throne by his niece Victoria, one month after her eighteenth birthday. The Registration Act of Births, Marriages and Deaths makes it compulsory for all births, marriages and deaths to be registered at a Registry Office.
Art and science
Dickens's second novel Oliver Twist
is serialised in Bentley's Magazine
. The story of the orphan Oliver is an attack on the Poor Law Amendment Acts (1834), a highly contentious piece of legislation which abolished outdoor relief, effectively increasing entry in the workhouse. The novel, famously made into a musical in 1968, marks Dickens as an outspoken social critic as well as a highly popular and commercial writer.
The Russian poet Aleksandr Pushkin is killed in a duel with Baron Georges d'Anthès. Considered the founder of modern Russian literature, Pushkin blended Old Slavonic with vernacular Russian and was the first Russian writer to use everyday speech in his poetry. His works include Eugene Onegin