© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir Henry Havelock, Bt
by Charles Baugniet, printed by Lemercier, published by Ernest Gambart & Co, published by Paul and Dominic Colnaghi & Co Click on the links below to find out more
lithograph, published 15 October 1857
19 in. x 13 3/8 in. (482 mm x 341 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1958
- Charles Baugniet (1814-1886), Lithographer. Artist associated with 106 portraits.
- Paul and Dominic Colnaghi & Co (active 1830-1890), Printsellers and publishers. Artist associated with 90 portraits.
- Ernest Gambart & Co (active 1846-1859), Publishers. Artist associated with 12 portraits.
- Lemercier (active 1836-1856), Lithographic printer. Artist associated with 16 portraits.
- Place made: United Kingdom: England, London (25 Berners Street, Oxford Street, London, & 8 Rue de Bruxelles, Paris, France; 13 & 14, Pall Mall East, London)
Palmerston passes the Matrimonial Causes Act in the face of parliamentary opposition. The act establishes divorce courts, although women, unlike men, are not allowed to sue for divorce on the grounds of adultery. The Manchester Art Treasures Exhibition is held, a follow-up to the Great Exhibition of 1851, although highlighting Britain's private art collections rather than industry and technology. More than 1.3 million people visit the event.
Art and science
Elizabeth Gaskell publishes The Life of Charlotte Brontë
, a year after the author's death. The controversial biography consolidates the myth of the Brontë sisters as isolated geniuses living in remote Yorkshire.Illustrator George Scharf becomes the first Secretary of the National Portrait Gallery, overseeing the collection's growth and its several moves around London before a permanent home is established in 1896, the year after Scharf's death.
The Indian Mutiny takes place following the insensitive response of the British army to complaints by Muslim and Hindu sepoys about using animal grease on their gun cartridges, which results in a horrific and violent uprising. The event precipitated a more involved role by the British government in India, taking over responsibility from the East India company.